Tuesday, January 22, 2013

What They Look Like - Scuds

Hey Everyone,

This year I have been playing around with a "fly" that I have only used on lakes before. I started to really think about winter insects like bwo's and winter stone flies, and then it dawned on me. Not everything has to hatch. That's what got me thinking about scuds. For those of you that think I'm talking about my time in Iraq not to worry. I'm talking about a small species of fresh water shrimp. These small crustaceans live in almost all bodies of water including caves and water twice as salty as the sea. Because they are pretty much defenceless they tend to hide in vegetation and are mostly nocturnal. Also because they are semitransparent scuds take on the color of their surroundings. Paying attention to the colors in the water will tell you what colors are best to run although olive and tans are most common. In some lakes scuds are one of the most abundant food sources for trout making up to half of a trouts diet. Although scuds can reproduce a few times a year they do not "hatch" thus making them a viable fly to fish year round. Because scuds don't venture from cover often they are best fished near to or bouncing along the bottom. Next time your on the river and can't seem to find anything they want, try a scud, you may be on to something.

See you on the trail,

Thursday, January 10, 2013

On The Move

Hey Everyone,

One of the first things I do when I arrive at the river is to take a walk. Not for exercise, but for information. I walk to the first run or hole that I can see into. I want to know where the trout are holding. Its important to remember that where you see, lets say, a Rainbow, may not be where the brookies or browns are. Each species will hold in different places and will change where they hold at different times of the year depending on environmental factors. I know that you don't want to read some boring scientific article so I'll try to make it quick but still provide some information for those who wish to read on. For those who don't scroll to the bottom. I made a chart.

Because trout are cold blooded water temperature is the most important factor in trout behavior. These changes can take place seasonally, daily, or even from one hour to the next. Also as water temperatures change so does its ability to hold oxygen. causing trout to move back and forth from fast riffles to deep pools.

In early fall as water temps reach the mid 50's to high 40's and oxygen saturation levels are around 10 to 30 ppm (parts per million). Hatches of mayflies and caddis take place triggering trout to move into swifter currents to feed. Especially bookies and browns who feed heavily in anticipation of spawning. You will also notice male brook and browns become much more aggressive from the increased testosterone. Rainbows will follow this pattern as well to feed knowing that cooler temperatures mean winter is around the corner.
In mid winter as water temperatures fall into the lower 40's to higher 30's and oxygen saturation levels rise to 13 to 15 ppm. Brook and brown trout will move to slower water and begin to spawn. This is when you will notice females become tight lipped and unwilling to move while aggressive males jockey for position behind females. Rainbows on the other hand will stay in the currents and be on the hunt for eggs that get kicked up.
Once the fall spawn is over and the water temps drop into the mid 30's trout will move to deeper pools and away from the faster water. Holding in deeper water keeps trout safe from ice flows and icy bottoms. Also with oxygen levels at their highest at 15 to 17 ppm there is no need to expend energy in faster water.
In the spring as water temperatures start to rise back into the 40's the rainbows start their own spawning rituals. Oxygen levels drop back into the 10 to 13 ppm. Trout once again begin to move back into faster water in order to take advantage of spring insect hatches. Browns will begin to take cover in and around structure looking for young fry and may become more nocturnal in their feeding habits.
In mid summer water temperatures can rise into the 70's and oxygen levels drop to their lowest points of only 5 to 7 ppm. This causes all trout to move up into fast riffled water. With an abundance of insects on the water fish feed heavily. Early evenings and inclimate weather are big feeding times as terrestrail insects get washed into the water fish will move to river edges to feed.

Here's that chart I told you about

Seasonal Range
Water Temperature
Oxygen Saturation
Holding habitat
July- August
60 – 70
5 – 7 ppm
Fast Riffles and oxygenated water like plunging pools
September – October
45 – 55
10 – 13 ppm
Back edge of rifles. Runs and seams
November – February
32 – 45
13 – 15 ppm
Slow deep seams and backs of deep pools
March – April
40 – 50
10 – 13 ppm
Deep seems and riffle edges
May – June
50 – 60
8 – 10 ppm
River edges and faster moving runs.

Of course there is some overlap on the seasons depending on where you live and how rapid these changes happen.

I hope this helps some of you out and next time your on the river and see trout all holding in different spots you'll know why.

See you on the trial,